In Why Science Does Not Disprove God, Dr. Aczel explains why there must be a God behind creation. I recommend his thought-provoking article published recently in Time magazine.
I won’t do what typically you might expect from a creationist… point out the differences with his evolutionary model from a Creation model. That would be nit-picking. Instead, I’m posting the great questions that Dr. Aczel raises:
Science is an amazing, wonderful undertaking: it teaches us about life, the world, and the Universe. But it has not revealed to us why the Universe came into existence, nor what preceded its birth in the Big Bang. Equally, biological evolution has not brought us the slightest understanding of how the first living organisms emerged from inanimate matter on this planet, and how the advanced eukaryotic cells—the highly structured building blocks of advanced life forms—ever emerged from simpler organisms. Neither does it explain one of the greatest mysteries of science: how did consciousness arise in living things? Where do symbolic thinking and self-awareness come from? What is it that allows us humans to understand the mysteries of biology, physics, mathematics, engineering, and medicine? And what enables us to create great works of art, music, architecture, and literature? Science is nowhere near to explaining these deep mysteries.
But much more important than these conundrums is the persistent question of the fine-tuning of the parameters of the Universe: Why is our Universe so precisely tailor-made for the emergence of life? This question has never been answered satisfactorily, and I believe that it will never find a scientific solution…
Why did everything we need in order to exist come into being? How was all of this possible without some latent outside power to orchestrate the precise dance of elementary particles required for the creation of all the essentials of life? The great British mathematician Roger Penrose has calculated—based on only one of the hundreds of parameters of the physical Universe—that the probability of the emergence of a life-giving cosmos was one divided by 10, raised to the power 10, and again raised to the power of 123. This is a number as close to zero as anyone has ever imagined.
Dr. Aczel concludes in his article:
The “Scientific Atheists” have scrambled to explain this troubling mystery by suggesting the existence of a multiverse—an infinite set of universes, each with its own parameters. In some universes, the conditions are wrong for life; however, by the sheer size of this putative multiverse, there must be a universe where everything is right. But if it takes an immense power of nature to create one universe, then how much more powerful would that force have to be in order to create infinitely many universes? So the purely hypothetical multiverse does not solve the problem of God. The incredible fine-tuning of the Universe presents the most powerful argument for the existence of an immanent creative entity we may well call God. Lacking convincing scientific evidence to the contrary, such a power may be necessary to force all the parameters we need for our existence—cosmological, physical, chemical, biological, and cognitive—to be what they are.
I can’t help but think of the lengthy list of science questions that God presents to Job in chapters 38 – 41. I recommend reading these chapters after reading the article from Time.
Because of intense suffering, Job and his friends discuss the question of why God would allow so many disasters to fall upon Job. After chapters of debate, God speaks to Job. He doesn’t answer the question in the way you would think (and maybe hope) that He would. Here’s how God begins in 38:1 – 5 (HCSB):
Then the Lord answered Job from the whirlwind. He said:
Who is this who obscures My counsel with ignorant words? Get ready to answer Me like a man; when I question you, you will inform Me. Where were you when I established the earth? Tell Me, if you have understanding. Who fixed its dimensions? Certainly you know! Who stretched a measuring line across it?
God loved Job. For four chapters, God explained to Job how little he understood about the world around him, so how could Job expect to have a full understanding of God Himself and His ways. But also in that long discourse, God demonstrates that He cares for creation and that Job could trust that God cared, and would tenderly provide, for him as well.
We cannot fully explain Who God is or even the many scientific questions Dr. Aczel raises. I’m also certain that many events in your life and in the lives of others are puzzling to you. What we can know is that God created all we see and tenderly oversees it all. That includes you.
- Amir D. Aczel, Ph.D., received graduate degrees in mathematics from the University of California at Berkeley and the University of Oregon. He is the author of the recently published book Why Science Does Not Disprove God . (Read more of Dr. Aczel’s bio from Time.)
- Dr. Aczel’s article was published on April 27, 2014.
- The digital rendering of an evolutionary model of the early Earth was a part of the Time article and is credited to Getty images.